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Katika sehemu hii

Magonjwa ya Ng'ombe

Cattle diseases are generally caused by micro-organisms such viruses, bacteria and fungi. Here are some common diseases that affect cattle:

Foot and Mouth

This disease is caused by viruses. It makes the animal weak and feverish. It affects the tongue, lips, cheeks, feet, teats and udder with sores appearing on these parts.

Control

  • Practice improved sanitation and vaccination.
  • Frequent occurrence of the disease makes it difficult to stop. Thus, it’s better to kill affected animals.

Tuberculosis

This is a chronic bacterial disease. The disease is very dangerous because man can also contact it from cattle through infected milk and milk products.

Control

  • Take quarantine measures and regular tuberculin testing.
  • Infected animals should be quarantined or slaughtered.
  • Disinfect pens regularly.

Lung Plague (Pleuropneumonia)

This viral disease makes the animal cough even as it weakens the animal before finally leading to death. It can be controlled by isolating the infected animal.

Rinderpest (Cattle Plague)

This viral disease is destructive. Symptoms include stomach disorder that leads to diarrhea; high fever, blood-stained faeces and general weakness in animals.

Control 

It can be treated by use of preventive vaccines and isolating infected animal.

Worms

These include flukes, tapeworms and round worms. Symptoms include lack of appetite, emaciation and excessive salivation.

Control

  • Constant Deworming
  • Good sanitation
  • Rotational Grazing

Sleeping Sickness (Trypanosomiasis)

This disease is caused by the tsetse fly. The parasite destroys the red blood cells. Symptoms include general body weakness and high fever. Prevention can be carried out by eradicating tsetse fly and by vaccination. It can be controlled by isolating affected animal and slaughtering it.

Parasites

These are disease transferring tiny but dangerous parasites like ticks, mites, flies and lice. Tick is the commonest and transmits diseases like the tick fever.

3 ways to control parasites

  1. Maintain clean environment
  2. Dipping animals in chemical solution
  3. Regular fumigation
     
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